Time Bomb Definition Businessgeorge
„Derivatives time bomb“ is a descriptive term for possible chaos in the market when there is a sudden, as opposed to an orderly reduction, of massive derivatives positions. „Time bomb“ in reference to merchandise is a nickname given to Warren Buffett. The conflict in Yemen also helps explain why so little has been done to combat the ticking time bomb on its shores. The first use of a time bomb in software may have occurred in 1979 with the markup language developed by Brian Reid and the Scribe word processing system. Reid sold Scribe to a software company called Unilogic (later renamed Scribe Systems) and agreed to include a set of time-dependent features (called „time bombs“) that would disable freely copied versions of the program after a 90-day expiration date. To avoid disabling, users paid the software company, which then released code mitigating the internal time bomb feature.  These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word „time bomb“. The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. This image fuels fears of crime, violence and social unrest, in which the unemployed are portrayed as a „ticking time bomb“ that threatens a country`s stability. Now it immediately occurred to Davy`s mind that he had never had all the plums he wanted in his entire life. Kushel said the realities and risks associated with a large property amount to a ticking time bomb, even with commendable efforts to protect the convention center`s residents.
Only in this way can the ticking time bomb defuse Nigeria before it explodes on all of us. The main difference between logic bombs and time bombs is that a logic bomb may have implemented a synchronization function as a built-in security if the conditions are not met within a certain period of time (it may shut down or activate its payload with the synchronization system), whereas time bombs only use synchronization functions to (dis)activate. Time bombs, once activated, discharge their payload (which can be malicious) in the same way that logic bombs deliver their payloads to the target. The main difference between time and logic bombs and fork bombs is that a fork bomb does not have a payload per se and instead does its damage by constantly replicating itself to exhaust available system resources. Inside was a ticking time bomb that was to explode in 15 minutes, Widmer wrote. The term „derivatives time bomb“ refers to the prediction that the large number of derivatives positions and the increasing leverage of hedge funds and investment banks could once again lead to an industry-wide collapse. „Time bomb.“ Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/time%20bomb. Retrieved 14 October 2022. In software, a time bomb is part of a computer program that has been written to start or stop working when it reaches a predetermined date or time.
The term „time bomb“ does not refer to a program that stops working after a certain number of days after installation. Instead, the term „trialware“ applies. Time bombs are often used in beta (pre-release) software when the software manufacturer does not want the beta version to be used after the final release date. An example of a time bomb software would be Microsoft`s Windows Vista Beta 2, which was scheduled to expire on May 31, 2007.  Limits for ticking bomb software are generally not enforced as strongly as for test software, as time bomb software typically does not implement secure clock functions. The show`s police officers joke about prison riots, bomb threats and shooting at unarmed civilians. In his 2002 letter from Berkshire Hathaway president, he said, „We see them as ticking time bombs, both for the parties that trade with them and for the economic system.“ In 2016, the legendary investor warned at Berkshire Hathaway`s annual meeting that the state of the derivatives market „is always a potential ticking time bomb in the system – anything that can exist discontinuities can be real poison in the markets.“ A situation that threatens catastrophic consequences at a later date, as in this ministerial conflict, is a ticking time bomb just waiting to explode. This term refers to an explosive device that is supposed to explode at a certain point in time. [First half of the 1900s] Yes, Warren Buffet uses merchandise. In his 2008 letter from the president, he claimed that his company Berkshire Hathaway had 251 merchandise on its books. Despite his warnings about derivatives, he believes the way he handles derivatives is low-risk.
CNBC, Warren Buffet Archives. „Morning Session – Video of the 2016 meeting with transcript.“ Widespread trading of these instruments is both good and bad, because while derivatives can mitigate portfolio risk, highly leveraged institutions can incur huge losses if their positions move against them. The world learned this during the financial crisis that rocked the markets in 2008, thanks in large part to the collapse of subprime mortgages with the use of mortgage-backed securities (MBS). Warren Buffett went even further a few years later, devoting a long section to derivatives in his 2008 annual letter. He states bluntly: „Derivatives are dangerous. They have significantly increased debt and risk in our financial system. They have made it almost impossible for investors to understand and analyze our largest commercial banks and investment banks. Richard Stallman saw this as a betrayal of programming ethics. Instead of respecting the notion of sharing and equitable sharing, Reid had created a way for companies to force programmers to pay for access to information (see Events leading to GNU). History of the Federal Reserve.
„Almost failure of long-term capital management.“ One of the largest hedge funds that initially collapsed due to negative movements in its derivatives positions was Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM). But this event in the late 1990s was just a glimpse of the 2008 main show. A derivative is a financial contract whose value is derived from an underlying asset. These contracts can be bought and sold, resulting in profits or losses without investors having to own the actual underlying asset. For example, a mortgage-backed security (MBS) is a derivative whose cash flows result from the mortgage payments that borrowers pay for their mortgage. Investors who buy MBS receive these payments as a return on their investment without actually interacting with the mortgages. Although he believes in the danger of derivatives, he still takes advantage of it when he sees an opportunity, in a way that he considers prudent and that will not result in a significant financial loss. It does so especially when it believes that certain contracts are poorly valued. He explained this in his annual Berkshire Hathaway letter in 2008.
The 2008 financial crisis was caused by many factors, with derivatives accounting for a large proportion of them, particularly mortgage-backed securities (MBS). The complexity and limited transparency of derivatives, combined with the interdependence of market participants, meant that the systemic nature of the financial system would lead to a financial crisis. A number of well-known hedge funds have imploded as their derivatives positions have significantly lost value, forcing them to sell their securities at significantly lower prices to respond to margin calls and redemptions from clients. The company held 251 derivative contracts that he said had been mispriced initially. In addition, the specific derivative contracts that Berkshire Hathaway held at the time did not have to provide significant collateral if the market moved against them. A derivative is a financial contract whose value is linked to an underlying asset. Futures and options are common types of derivatives. Institutional investors use derivatives to hedge their existing positions or speculate in various markets, whether stocks, loans, interest rates or commodities. Berkshire Hathaway, Inc. „2002 Chairman`s Letter,“ p. 13. This computer programming article is a stub.
You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Investors use the leverage of derivatives to increase the return on their investments. When used correctly, this objective will be achieved; However, if the leverage becomes too large or if the underlying securities depreciate significantly, the loss is magnified for the holder of the derivative. Financial rules introduced since the financial crisis aim to mitigate the risk of derivatives in the financial system; However, derivatives are still widely used today and are among the most commonly traded securities in the financial market. Even Buffett still uses them, earning considerable wealth for himself and Berkshire Hathaway shareholders. In his company`s 2002 annual report Berkshire Hathaway, Buffett stated, „Derivatives are financial weapons of mass destruction that harbor dangers that are now latent but potentially deadly.“