Paises En Los Que Se Ha Legalizado La Eutanasia
In many other countries, so-called indirect or passive euthanasia is legal, in which medical care or treatment is suspended and the patient is left to die when there is no hope. Passive euthanasia, when the death of the patient in an irreversible situation is achieved by the suspension of medical treatment, is recognized under certain conditions in the laws of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. In Mexico, euthanasia is not legal, but there is the precautionary law and the researcher from the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health of the Faculty of Medicine, Asunción Álvarez, explains what it is. Round table on euthanasia in the Congress of Deputies (2018) Belgium joined the legalization of the process after the approval of euthanasia in the Netherlands. In 2014, it became the second country to endorse this process for terminally ill children under the age of 18. On the other side is Poland, which considers euthanasia murder and punishes its practice with up to five years in prison, although it is not the only European country where it is punished. Bulgaria and Croatia also punish it with a sentence of up to 6 or 8 years. In Greek, this word comes from the words “eu”, which means good, and from “thanatos”, which refers to death. The etymological meaning of euthanasia is “good death”. “Euthanasia has not been regulated by law in more places in the world because it is very difficult for us to talk about death and think that we might want to die one day, also for religious reasons; Many times, because there are power groups that want to impose a religious vision on everyone equally, instead of letting everyone, in conscience, once something is legal, decide whether to use it or not, according to their conscience and the directives of their religion, whether they have it or not.
said the specialist. As with legislation, those eligible for euthanasia or assisted suicide vary widely around the world, ranging from terminally ill or degenerative patients to those in severe pain or are considered terminally ill. In the world, there are organizations and associations for euthanasia, so they have promoted initiatives in their respective countries to keep this action allowed or prohibited. Álvarez del Río wondered: What happens if a patient cannot communicate? And he felt that it may be because he is receiving treatment on which his life depends, a life support; If there are elements that say that he will not restore consciousness, his state of health or his quality of life, one must ask why he continues to prolong, perhaps it is not to his advantage. It used to be called passive euthanasia, but now it`s called limiting therapeutic effort. In New Zealand, in addition to euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide has also been approved, although the law has not yet come into force. In 2002, the Netherlands regulated the euthanasia procedure by becoming the first country to pass a law allowing a doctor to assist a terminally ill patient to die. It is considered the first country to actively legalize it, but the decriminalization of euthanasia in Colombia in 1997 was a decision of the Constitutional Court.
The Luxembourg Parliament legalized euthanasia in 2009. After receiving approval from two doctors and a panel of experts, patients can request the procedure. In the case of the Netherlands, it was the first country where it was approved in 2002 after various court decisions. In 1973, a doctor was convicted of letting his mother die with dignity after repeatedly requesting euthanasia. In Colombia, Escobar will be the first beneficiary of the Constitutional Court`s landmark ruling, which in July 2021 changed the rules of euthanasia in the country and authorized its application to people suffering from severe physical or mental suffering due to a serious and incurable illness, without being in the final phase. The South American country decriminalized euthanasia in 1997 (with a ruling by the Constitutional Court), but only for terminally ill patients, i.e. those who have less than six months to live. It was then approved in 2014. There is an idea of quality of life that is often associated with a longer life, said the specialist and author of the book Practice and Ethics of Euthanasia.
And he added: “There are interventions in end-of-life medical care that are not euthanasia, but palliative care, which is not aimed at prolonging life, but at giving a quality of life for the time a person has left. It is not about prolonging life, it is about quality of life, as long as people are willing to accept that care; We do not know that they can choose to no longer have this care because they no longer relieve suffering, it is a question of autonomy that is sometimes not respected. “In Spain, the law on euthanasia decriminalizes medical assistance in the event of death after many years of attempts.