H Legal Definition

H Legal Definition

Habeas Corpus – A legal principle that allows anyone detained by the government to challenge their detention as illegal. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property. Still looking for definitions? Save time with our search engine (modern browsers only) Unless otherwise noted, this article was written by Lloyd Duhaime, lawyer, lawyer, lawyer and lawyer (and notary!). This is not legal advice and you would be foolhardy to rely on it in relation to a particular situation you or an acquaintance is facing. In addition, the law changes quickly and sometimes without notice, so from time to time an article may not be up to date. Therefore, it is only legal information intended to enlighten the reader. If you have a real situation, this information serves as a good springboard to get legal advice from a lawyer. The study of the law and the structure of the legal system Abogado.com The #1 Spanish Legal Website for Consumers A written statement filed in a court or appeal proceeding that explains the legal and factual arguments of one page. All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets.

Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. FindLaw.com Free and reliable legal information for consumers and legal professionals Government agency authorized to resolve disputes. Judges sometimes use the term „court“ to refer to themselves in the third person, as in „the court read the pleadings.“ Power of Attorney for Health Care – A legal document that appoints a „health worker“ to make medical decisions in the event that the person becomes unable to work due to injury or illness. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally „follow precedents,“ that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. At FindLaw.com, we pride ourselves on being the leading source of free legal information and resources on the Internet. Contact us. Are you a lawyer? Visit our professional website » Regarding civil actions in „equity“ and not in „law“. In English legal history, courts of „law“ could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate „fairness“ tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction).

In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important. For example, a jury trial is generally available in „legal cases,“ but not in „fairness“ cases. The FindLaw Legal Dictionary – free access to over 8260 definitions of legal terms. Search for a definition or browse our legal glossaries. LawInfo.com National Directory of Law Societies and Consumer Legal Resources The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases.

The right as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. If you find an error or omission in Duhaime`s law dictionary, or if you have a suggestion for a legal term, we`d love to hear from you! Declaration of HIV Patients` Rights – The legal rights of HIV patients. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages.

In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. Section 707(b)(2) of the Insolvency Code applies a „means test“ to determine whether registration of an individual debtor under Chapter 7 is considered an abuse of the Insolvency Code requiring dismissal or conversion of the case (usually Chapter 13).

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