Examples of Legal Hazardgeorge
Insurance can be considered moral hazard because it increases the likelihood of damage resulting from the fact that the insured is less concerned about losses. As a result, they take fewer precautions and may engage in riskier activities – because they have insurance. A good example of moral hazard is when the federal government bails out financial institutions that have made bad decisions. Many financial institutions took significant risks in the recent subprime meltdown by buying toxic instruments such as CDOs and mortgage-backed securities based on subprime mortgages, which yielded high returns but were extremely risky. Financial institutions thought they were too big to fail – in other words, if things went wrong, the federal government would step in to stop their collapse lest the entire financial system collapse, which is exactly what the federal government did in September 2008. Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae were both taken over by the government, and the American International Group (AIG) was backed by an $85 billion injection in taxpayer dollars. AIG sold credit default swaps on mortgage-backed securities to buyers, mostly banks, because they thought they could collect the premiums but never had to pay for defaults – but if they were wrong, then the government would bail them out, otherwise the banks that bought this credit default protection could also go bankrupt. As recent events have made all too clear, this „assurance“ from the federal government creates moral hazard for financial institutions – taxpayers pay the premium, but large financial institutions with their overpaid CEOs and managers reap the benefits! A moral hazard, as its name suggests, results from fraudulent acts committed by an insured. Examples of moral hazards include filing false insurance claims or misrepresenting in a life insurance application in order to obtain more favorable coverage or coverage terms. Physical hazards are actions, behaviours or conditions that cause or contribute to a hazard. Smoking is considered a physical hazard because it increases the likelihood of a fire. It is also considered a physical risk in terms of health insurance as it increases the likelihood of serious illness. In fact, the insurer cites maintenance negligence as a danger.
Legal risk, on the other hand, increases the likelihood and severity of damage caused by a condition imposed by the judicial process that requires an insurer to cover a risk it would otherwise consider uninsurable. For example, the U.S. legal system motivates many people to sue to realize the potentially lucrative profits that come with it. Anything that could lead to a lawsuit with an insurer can be considered a legal risk. Risk is the chance of loss, and danger is the direct cause of loss. When a house burns, fire is the danger. A hazard is anything that causes or increases the likelihood of loss. For example, gas stoves are a danger of carbon monoxide poisoning. A physical hazard is a physical condition that increases the likelihood of loss.
Therefore, smoking is a physical hazard that increases the likelihood of fire and illness. A physical risk increases the likelihood of damage occurring due to deficiencies in the condition, structure or operation of an insured or insured property. For example, a roof covered in heavy snow can be considered a physical hazard when it comes to home insurance, including high-quality home insurance. At the same time, a health insurance company might consider an insured`s heart disease a physical danger. The distinction between moral hazard and moral hazard is the purpose or intention of the insured. Moral hazard arises from a person`s intention to cheat or betray the insurance company. Compared to moral hazard, where the insured adopts a more negligent or reckless attitude and takes fewer precautions to avoid injury, thus increasing the likelihood that an injury or loss will occur because the person does not take care of his property because he knows he is insured. For insurance purposes, hazards are divided into four types: The words „danger“ and „danger“ may seem virtually synonymous, but they mean very different things in the insurance industry.
First, a hazard describes anything that increases the potential for loss. (An unintentional and unforeseen event that results in injury to an insured or property damage Think of risk insurance as you would think of your body. You have a skeletal system and your spine is what holds you back and ensures you walk today. Risk insurance is similar to the backbone of your landlord`s policy. Your policy contains hazards and dangers and risk insurance is the part that provides your financial protection for your home and other personal items from the dangers and dangers included in your policy. If you are ever forced to move because your home was damaged by a tornado, fire, or other unfortunate cause, your home could be destroyed by a covered risk, risk insurance covers your living expenses. The distinction between moral hazard and moral hazard in insurance is different intentions, but in other disciplines, such as banking, the term moral hazard is used more generally, which includes moral hazard.