All Legal Acts Are Moral
In the case of the Paradise Papers and offshore tax havens, respect for public morality would mean making these agreements illegal, as in the case of cocaine. However, as in the case of La Salada, changing the law around tax havens is a huge challenge that no state can tackle alone. Offshore financial activities are the result of other states offering tax breaks to attract companies to their jurisdictions – without an agreement on tax systems involving many countries, it is impossible to prevent this. Where tax breaks are still available, we can expect anyone who can exercise their legal right to do so. In the meantime, the court of public opinion will continue to form its own opinion on what is “right” and what is “wrong.” Morality is a set of principles that attempt to define what good and bad behavior is. Moral principles can be based on culture, religion, experiences and personal values. An action is considered moral if it fits into these norms, even if everyone has different standards. Sometimes laws seem to protect the rich and the rich at the expense of the poor and disadvantaged. Sometimes laws can seem unfair.
So, is it true that sometimes a good person has to break the law to get the right thing? Can it be morally right to break the law? Or is ethics the same as the law? Morally superior actions are those morally correct activities that are particularly commendable and even heroic. They go beyond what duty requires. They are not morally required, but when they are made, it is a particularly good thing. Examples include generous support for worthwhile charities, volunteering for a local nursing home, and risking life to save someone from a burning building. What is legal and what is moral is similar in many ways, but very different in others. Both offer social organization, that is, they shape how people behave and what is considered socially acceptable. They also help people interact more consistently and aim to protect individuals from harm. After all, they accept or discourage many of the same actions. For example, drunk driving is legally and morally unacceptable.
We certainly expect people to act morally and ethically, even if there is no law or enforcement that has consequences. In particular, we hope that politicians will exceed legal standards and make ethical decisions, as they are elected leaders who are supposed to promote the well-being of all citizens. Many of the laws of a particular country are better ignored rather than blindly followed, and so one must be critical and skeptical of the laws and continue to question whether certain laws are actually morally just or not. But more alarming than a politician who circumvents the rules is the ease with which his supporters often say, “Well, it`s not illegal.” Let`s go back to the schoolyard for helpful reminders of what our social norms are. We are concerned about bullying, and not only do we tell children not to bully, but we also reprimand children who monitor bullying. We tell our children to speak, to defend the weak, etc. Similarly, whistleblowing is encouraged by many national organizations, universities, and even the federal government. These four categories of actions are not always explicitly distinguished from people, but they seem to be implicitly included in our distinctions and moral choices. However, there are disagreements about the types of actions that correspond exactly to which categories.
For example, while everyone thinks murder is morally reprehensible, there is controversy over whether abortion is wrong; Some people believe that abortion is wrong and others believe that it is morally permissible. Ultimately, we are all called as individuals to decide what we think is morally right and wrong. It`s part of what makes us human that we can`t let go of that decision and let others decide for us. Each of us must decide for ourselves which actions we want to consider morally good or bad, even if they violate the laws of the state. Some things are immoral, but completely legal. While other things may be illegal, but not necessarily immoral. Such discrepancies between the practices of the rich and the moral revulsion felt by ordinary citizens are common. This practice seems illegitimate, but it is legal. The opposite phenomenon can also be observed.
A practice may be considered morally legitimate, but in reality it is prohibited. Cannabis use is illegal in most countries, where large sections of society consider it to be completely legitimate. Since legitimacy refers to moral beliefs that are not necessarily shared uniformly in a society, social attitudes towards illegal products and services often vary considerably from one social group to another and at different times. Take the story of cocaine, which in a hundred years has gone from a medical breakthrough to a scourge of society. Discovered in Germany in the late 19th century and legally used as an anesthetic for several decades, it was banned in the mid-20th century due to religious and moral concerns, particularly in the United States. Currently, British law classifies cocaine as a Class A drug where possession can result in seven years in prison, and its delivery and production are punishable by life imprisonment. In health ethics, we look at certain situations and ask ourselves whether a proposed course of action or inaction is morally obligatory, only morally permissible (morally neutral), or morally unacceptable. We ask questions about what providers and clinicians should do in certain situations. Health ethics and ethics in general are controversial about the correct normative ethical approach, whether they are principles, rights or duties, what principles apply in certain situations and how they are applied, and which principles should take precedence when different principles seem to guide different options for action. It is believed that morality has existed since the beginning of the human species. However, it is widely accepted that religion has cemented morality as an essential social construct.
Thanks to the common belief, it has become common for people to maintain norms of behavior that have had serious consequences. Thus, religion and morality were passed down between generations and places, and although they were different for different people, morality became a central element of society. We want to catch the bad guys and promote justice. But how can this happen if we don`t speak up and denounce immoral behavior, even if it`s legal? Perhaps our willingness to give people a pass when they do bad things, even if they are legal, undermines the likelihood that people will follow the rules, let alone the spirit of the rule. As society evolves and opinions change, so does what is considered moral.